Architects: 4of7, Institute of Transportation CIP
Location: Belgrade, Serbia
Concept Design: 4of7
Area: 2950.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
The plateau sits between the National Bank of Serbia building and a busy traffic roundabout at Slavija Square in Belgrade. Such ‘hard edges', impermeable to pedestrian traffic, make this site a highly visible but isolated segment of the urban fabric. This is further reinforced with the implementation of the new traffic plan, meant to help traffic congestion by repositioning pedestrian crossings away from the existing roundabout and thus making all pedestrian movement only tangential to the site. As a result of the built context and traffic regime, the site has become an island sitting on one of the busiest traffic routes in the inner city.
Before the realization of the project, a makeshift car park and empty sheds occupied the lot. The area was fenced off for decades and only improvised fast-food stands were popping up through the fence to serve commuters. The architectural intervention focused on creating an accessible place, open and inviting to the public. We aimed to find a spatial solution for indeterminate scenarios of use, presuming that events currently unfolding in nearby public spaces could spill over to this one. The design is driven by the premise that the flower market, second-hand books stalls, or street food stands could be introduced.
The design intent was to create a new topography and an inward-oriented open space. In an amphitheater-like setting, the monument is positioned at the central and lower datum of the new terrain, so that movement across the plateau provides different views. The new topography consists of a series of platforms with differing inclinations of the floor surface. Zones with a slope, ranging from 2 to 8% inclination, define circulation routes while flat patches land themselves to seating areas. Risers, occurring between flat and sloping facets of the surface are used to direct movement and create seating places.
In situ cast polymer concrete is the material chosen for the finishing layer, for its long-term durability concerning freeze and thaw cycles and low permeability to water, while seating areas are clad in timber. In addition to floor surface treatment, the design includes planting approximately 30 trees and positioning 20 lampposts.
Reference: "DT Plateau / 4of7 + Institute of Transportation CIP" 19 Dec 2018. ArchDaily.<https://www.archdaily.com/907909/dt-plateau-4of7-plus-institute-of-transportation-cip> ISSN 0719-8884